Population is growing and wildlife is diminishing, the need for land is great, so the question is who needs it most. A farmer growing crops to feed his family and sell a little on the side, becomes hopeless when an elephant destroys his crops and livelihood, or a lion kills his cattle, leaoprad takes his goats, The conflict creates tensions and the killing of the animals involved, traps, posinings and shooting, poaching increase for meat and illegal trade, as there is no value placed on a living animal only a dead one.
There is an invisible border between national parks and game reserves even though ther are no fences, which is meant to allow for free movement of the wildlife which is an essential part in the conservation process,. Wildlife should not be confined to small area and some species wont survive in confined reserves. So its evitable that wildlife will encounter humans as humans settlements expand and encroach on the parks and reserves. The challenge is to find a solution that allows himans and wildlife to live together, which is a complex one. On of the solutions is the forming of conservancies for the protection of large land ares bordering national parks, these tarcts of land are leased by sfari lodges, conservation organisions from the land owners and used as conservation saraes, where visitrs can view wildlife. In essence the community owns the reseve and they have an interest in protecting it as its provides and income and it empowers the community, who in turn feel proud and value the land and wildlife on it. This provides a living to the landowners in the fornm of rent, jobs in the wildlife industry and a much needed safre haven for the wildlife. Some great examples of conservancies can be seen around the maasai mara, The Mara North Conservancy, the Naboisha conservancy and the others dotted around Kenya, including Ol-Petjeta, Ol Jogi Kenya is a leadr in this field and many other nations should consider adopting this way of working together and living alongside wildlife in harmony.